Gulab Chand Tejwani

Author Archives: Gulab Chand Tejwani

Project Stakeholder Management

Project Stakeholder Management

In this article, you will learn how to identify stakeholders, analyze their impact on the project, communicate strategies, and develop strategies for managing competing expectations. By successfully managing stakeholders, you will be able to keep Scope Creep under control, ensure that project requirements are aligned, understand your risk tolerance, and mitigate problems that would otherwise delay a project. All of this is done with the understanding that you are responsible for developing and controlling relationships with each and every individual that your project influences, whatever you do. 

In project management, a stakeholder management plan is a formal document outlining how stakeholders are involved in the project. Good stakeholder management is an important part of project planning and a key component for the success of a project. 

By thinking about when and how stakeholders are involved, project teams can maximize their positive impact on the project. A stakeholder is a person or group that has a vested interest in a project, such as employees, customers, suppliers, contractors, employee families, or other stakeholders. 

Examples of internal stakeholders include employees, customers, suppliers, contractors, employee families, and employee families. Identifying stakeholders and their needs is one of the most important aspects of stakeholder management for project teams. 

The difficult part is to reconcile all your needs, requirements, and goals and to keep them happy while at the same time implementing the project you have set out to achieve. In a successful project, the requirements, goals and happiness of the most important stakeholders should be a constant concern of the projects. This does not mean that stakeholders are always right, but the job of a project manager is sometimes to push back against stakeholders and rebalance their expectations. This must be agreed upon from the outset, not just as part of the overall project management. 

A project can only be successful if it achieves its goals and ideally exceeds the expectations of its project and its stakeholders, according to the project leader. 

To better understand what stakeholder project management is and what it is all about, read on to get an in-depth look at how it can be a key component for the success of a project as well as its long-term success.

However, before stakeholder management can take place, you need to know who your main stakeholders are. It is the responsibility of the project manager to manage all stakeholders in a project, not just one or two. After conducting a continuous stakeholder analysis, it is up to you to update three important types of documentation, namely the Power and Influence Grid mentioned above. 

This includes the continuous analysis and documentation of the changes resulting from the consideration of all stakeholders involved in the project, as well as the effects of the changes on the overall project. 

Performing ongoing stakeholder analyses is very beneficial because it enables the project manager and project team to deal effectively with and communicate with all projects. It will also ensure that the relations between the project participants, which were originally forged, are strengthened and improved to ensure the success of the project. This can be achieved by analyzing the relationship between stakeholders on the basis of their current needs as well as the impact of changes on the overall project. 

Stakeholder management involves improving communication between the management team and maintaining the relationship between stakeholders and the project team. When planning stakeholder management, most import inputs should be entered in the stakeholder register. 

Identify and analyze for each stakeholder the interest they have in the project and their ability to control it. Use this information to plan the best way to engage and engage stakeholders. Create a plan to determine how your project will interact with stakeholders and plan their participation. 

Technical knowledge of stakeholders can also be an important factor in advance planning, but there are other advantages as well. Once you have identified one of these as related to your project, you can start developing a stakeholder management strategy. 

This is the first step towards developing a strong stakeholder management plan and identifying stakeholders and their roles and impacts. Stakeholder analyses should be carried out to establish a comprehensive list of stakeholders who should have been involved in the project. The results of this analysis must be documented in a stakeholder register and should contain information about the stakeholders, their role and impact, as well as their financial and other information. 

Ongoing stakeholder identification: One of the main advantages of ongoing stakeholder identification activities is that they allow the project manager to focus on the relationships between the key stakeholders in a project. Project managers should consider the importance of understanding the identities of individuals, groups, and organizations affected by the outcome of a project and how they can be influenced or influenced by a project. By implementing OngosoingStakeholder Identification, it is essential that the Stakeholder Register for Project Managers is updated with changes in how stakeholders have been or could be influenced by projects, as well as information about their financial and other information. 

Search Engine Optimization

Search Engine Optimization

This Search Engine Optimization Guide teaches you how to use some of the most popular optimization techniques available for search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo! 

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the process of increasing traffic to your website by helping it to rank higher in search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo!. This is a step-by-step SEO tutorial that explains what SEO is and how to optimize your websites for search and what free SEO tools you can use. 

SEO (Search Engine Optimization) is the process of optimizing content discovered by search engines and organic search results. The advantages are obvious, but which ranking factors actually play a role and how do you optimize your content for SEO? How do you optimize search engine optimization (SEO) in terms of ranking, content quality and content relevance? 

The general definition is that search engine optimization is the process of making a website attractive to search engines. More strictly speaking, SEO seeks to optimize certain factors that affect the position of search in order to make it more competitive with other websites that compete for the same keywords and keyword phrases. When you type a search query into a search engine, it looks at the pages in its index and tries to return the most relevant results.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the process by which websites and websites are created to achieve high rankings in search engines such as Google. The goal of SEO is to get your websites into the top 10% of the most popular pages in a search engine index. In other words, the higher the ranking a website achieves, the better its chances of placing. 

This page will help you understand the logic used for search engine rankings and how you can capitalize on these rankings when writing and organizing your website. SEO, if done right, is one of the most effective ways to improve your website’s chances of being found in search engines such as Google, Yahoo, Bing and others. The most brilliant and engaging writing means nothing if your visitors can’t find your site.

The only way to build a sustainable online business that generates more organic traffic over time is to follow SEO best practices and create content that your visitors find valuable. Once you have learned what SEO is and how it works, you can work on making changes to your site to improve it and improve your ranking on search engine results pages. Remember that there are a lot of factors that affect your SEO ranking, but the most important thing to consider is whether your content is valuable and relevant to your target audience. 

In fact, it can take months to enjoy the results of all your hard work, but by the time you reach the end of this sentence, you will have completed more than 100,000 searches. 

SEO stands for search engine optimization, which helps you to get more traffic to your website. Each page is designed and developed on the basis of what search engines look for in a website that changes with the evolution of technology and trends. 

If you have not yet done so, you can customize your web presence to ensure that it is useful and informative, especially in light of current trends. 

In this article, we cover the basics of SEO so you can better understand how it affects your business and what you need to do to be in good shape. SEO is an acronym that stands for search engine optimization, which is the process of optimizing your website to get organic (unpaid) traffic to search engine results pages. In other words, it’s about making certain changes to the design and content of your websites that make your site more attractive to search algorithms. Here is a quick overview of what SEO means and some of the different optimization techniques that are available to you. 

SEO refers to making certain changes to the design and content of your websites that make them more attractive to search engine algorithms. This is done so that search engines display your website not only on their search results page, but also on their results pages. 

In other words, SEO helps to make your search relevant to users and can be crucial in directing traffic to your website. A great SEO strategy puts your company’s website at the top of the list on Google’s search pages, increasing the likelihood that people will visit your pages. This guide will be a comprehensive guide to manage traffic to your site and the best strategies to manage it. 

Search engine optimization is the process of optimizing your websites and their content in such a way that you are more likely to search for terms that are relevant to your website. The term “SEO” also describes the practice of making your pages more attractive to search engine indexing software known as crawlers to find, scan and index your site. 

Leadership And Communication Skills For Project Managers

If one of the best qualities of a good leader is that he knows how to do things, then a strong quality of a project manager is the fact that he knows how to get people to do things. But how does he forget things people do and what does he do about it? 

Therefore, the development of leadership skills to improve team performance in project management can be of great importance. When it comes to project management and leadership, it comes down to how best to manage people and get them to achieve common goals. While not all project managers may be effective leaders, one thing is certain: Successful project managers use their leadership skills to develop leadership skills that complement their team’s performance. 

We will look closely at each team’s strengths and weaknesses and assess their leadership, communication, and performance. 

Based on this assessment, you can select one of CEG’s management consultants and work with them to develop your project manager’s leadership and communication skills for project management. A 2016 RICS Cobra research paper examines which communication skills are most valued by project managers in the construction industry. Click here to change your career in our Project Management course or call us at 1-888-745-5555 for more information about our online training. 

Leadership is not a communication skill per se, but we see it as a skill necessary to communicate effectively with your team. 

Leadership means being able to show authority, and it must be coupled with the ability to communicate and lead by example. If a project manager cannot delegate responsibility for project management to other project managers in the team, he can delegate tasks to members of his team to support them so that they can oversee the project as needed. In order to take responsibility for the existing projects, the project leader must communicate effectively with his team. The project manager must show independent decision-making and skills and pass them on to his team and present them positively. 

It is important to note that while a good speaker is important, interpersonal communication skills go far beyond words. It is about hearing and understanding the voices of others and communicating with them. A good leader must behave with good communication skills in order to be able to pass on information to higher levels while passing critical project updates to management. 

One of the qualities of a good manager is that he or she must be a “good communicator” so that he or she can connect with people at all levels. 

Effective project management means being able to motivate and drive the team to top performance in order to achieve its goals. The Project Leader must clearly explain the importance of the project, its goals, and the role of its team members in this process. 

As a project manager, he is responsible for bringing the project to a successful conclusion and leading the team to achieve its goals. Effective project managers also need decision-making competence, because there will always be decisions that have to be implemented. 

Remember that project management is done in different styles, each of which suits your personality. If you are not able to articulate what you have to do for your team, you will never be an effective leader. 

You need to communicate with your team and have a good relationship with everyone connected to the project, not just the customer. This means that you need to communicate your ideas to your customers as soon as possible, which is crucial for success. Good communication is a skill in project management that enables you to have a solid relationship between your teams and customers. 

The more solid the relationship, the more likely it is that the project will be successfully completed, and the better the chances of successfully completing it. 

The impact of a project’s success or failure can affect your reputation and career. The project leader rarely reports directly to you, but often communicates with his team members as you would with any other task. This allows project managers and team members to deviate slightly from the original direction of your project, resulting in project failure. 

Therefore, the project leader creates a positive relationship with his team members and contributes to the overall success of the organization. Therefore, project managers create and support project success based on their communication skills.

Although project managers require many skills similar to those of operations managers, a successful project manager requires additional knowledge, skills, and abilities because he or she works in a more time-consuming and goal-oriented environment. To find out what leadership, technical, general, and entrepreneurial skills project leaders need to be effective, PM Solutions surveyed more than 1,000 project management experts in the US to determine their skills. Albert Einsiedel1 defined the five characteristics of an effective project leader and discussed it with the leaders of sensitive projects. 

Current Advancements In Digital Marketing

Current Advancements In Digital Marketing

We look to the future to predict how innovations in digital media platforms and technologies will shape marketing in 2020. In this paper, we will examine six major marketing trends based on the latest marketing techniques and technologies that marketers can use. To take advantage of the innovations in various digital marketing channels such as social media, digital advertising, mobile marketing and digital content, read our other posts from the Smart Insights team covering the current state of the market as well as future marketing trends and trends. 

By 2020, we can see the enormous impact that digital marketing has had over the last decade or more. Its effectiveness in 2018 has already shown a significant increase in usage, and its usage in digital marketing is expected to increase further in 2019. 

That means that more than half of Americans watch videos, and much of that video is created as a digital marketing service. Although YouTube may even be the most popular way to consume videos, this does not mean that you should not post your video on Facebook or any other social media platform. Meanwhile, organic reach on Facebook remains flat for most brands, while Facebook Group Marketing is the second-largest form of social marketing in the US, behind Twitter. 

Together with the fact that consumers are increasingly aware of the benefits of social media marketing and advertising, it is now easier than ever for brands to promote direct business with customers via social media. The ads have become more advanced and the products are delivered directly to customers, while Facebook’s ad experience has changed to call for actions based on who is served. 

In the future, the ability to reach out to customers, even through social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter, will be even more advanced and targeted. 

The same can be expected of brands with whom you are in contact and with whom you do business, be it through social media, email, phone calls or other forms of communication. 

It will be fascinating to see how digital marketing will develop in the coming years. The upcoming Digital Marketing Trends for 2020 are described and summarized in a detailed report by the International Marketing Research Institute (IMRI). What can brands and companies expect from digital marketing trends in the groundbreaking year 2020? 

The number of companies with web and social presence is growing rapidly, which means that you need to keep abreast of trends and best practices and constantly develop new digital marketing strategies. Changes in digital marketing are always good and can be a big advantage for you. Sources: 6

As digital trends evolve every year, marketers should be aware of these changes in order to easily adapt to emerging technologies and stay ahead of the market. As things evolve faster than ever, you can appeal to your brand and stay ahead of the game. 

When it comes to targeting the right audience for your marketing campaigns, your digital marketing strategy should be prepared for changes in the market. To help you determine your course for 2019, we’ve listed some of the current trends in digital advertising and how you can use them to improve your marketing strategy and achieve the results you want. This will help you gain a competitive advantage and become more effective in developing new ways to grow your business, generate leads and improve your relationships with existing customers. 

Always ensure that your data is clear, accurate and regularly updated to make your business prospects transparent. The digital marketing industry is always expanding and innovative, with tools to compare itself with competitors that appear regularly. 

Simply put, digital marketing is the use of social media to market products and services to a wider audience than ever before. In a world where 170 million people regularly use social media, professionals are expected to be aware of current trends in digital marketing and their impact on their business. It will become more user-oriented and personalized in the future, and you need to be ready to adapt. 

Traditional marketing platforms will soon disappear and the digital market will take over completely, according to a recent report by the Digital Marketing Institute. 

Technological progress has led to a significant increase in the number of digital marketing platforms and the use of social media such as Facebook and Twitter. 

This is often seen as a review of the latest trends and budgets have been set aside to experiment with new techniques to gain an advantage. The budget has been invested in new targeting techniques introduced by the main digital platforms. New technologies such as machine learning, artificial intelligence and machine translation are being applied to personalisation in order to increase sales. 

Personalization and the innovative use of technology shape the way brands and companies connect and engage targeted customers, where they want, when they want and what they want, and when and where the target customer wants it. Through continuous innovation, you can take advantage of the targeting options available to you and your customers. 

Agile for Project Management

Many agile project management methods have been developed with software in mind, and many of them have developed a set of values and principles that would be useful to any team wondering how to become agile. 

If you are just looking for a definition for agile project management as it is, here is a useful definition for agile project management. Agile Project Management (APM) is steeped in a set of principles for guiding the project process, from the principles of continuous testing and responsiveness to change to the values of collaboration, collaboration, and accountability. It is a collaborative, iterative project management approach that includes continuous testing, responsiveness and change. 

Agile is steeped in a project management methodology that uses short development cycles, known as sprints, to focus on the continuous improvement and development of products and services. In agile software development, for example, a single development cycle refers to an iteration, and an agile project can be completed in a short time, usually within a few weeks or months. 

William Royce, who published an essay on the development of large software systems, discussed agile as an incremental software development method as early as 1957. Later, in 2001, 17 software developers published the first book Agile Software Development, a guide to using agile development methods for large software projects. The developers met to discuss the need for a lightweight design method based on their shared experience. 

The modern agile approach was first introduced in 1999 when a group of software developers met to discuss alternative project management methods. In addition to the twelve principles of agile software, this philosophy became the basis for the development of a new type of project management and the basis of modern agile philosophy

Agile is a generic term used to identify the various models used for agile development. Unlike the simple linear waterfall model, agile projects consist of a number of small cycles or sprints. 

Splitting the work into smaller chunks and working iteratively to improve the product or service enables agile teams to improve their processes, isolate problems, and achieve specific goals over time – isolated collaborative events, prioritized product residues, or a combination of the two. 

At the highest level, Agile for Project Management is a style of project management that focuses on providing essential quality products. It uses crowding as a framework, eliminates wasted time and tasks, and helps companies strike the right balance between minimizing waste, cutting costs, and maintaining product quality. 

At its core, Agile’s purpose is to focus on people, communication, and product flexibility, but also on the quality of the product itself. 

Agile project management was originally developed for software teams with complex specifications who wanted to move quickly and be the first to deliver a high-quality product. There is some free, open-source, cross-platform software development platform used by leading organizations in software engineering, product management, and business development. 

It’s packed with all the features your team might need to plan, collaborate, and organize functions. Your team can effortlessly start discussions, exchange ideas, move forward with collaborative tools, and move through the process quickly. 

As you grow your team and business, this software brings all of these benefits under one roof. Agile project management may seem like just another trendy project – management methodology – but it has proved to be more than a flash in the pan. It combines the best of both worlds: high-quality, flexible, and flexible software and a cost-effective approach to project planning and management. His methods are based on the same principles of cooperation, communication, cooperation, and cooperation as the traditional methods of the past. 

Agile project management enables teams of all kinds to work together, enabling them to adapt to the changing needs of their projects and deliver faster results. The agile project management model consists of independent, autonomous scrum teams that manage their own projects and have full control over their development and implementation. 

For teams that want to integrate more agile project management methods into their workflows, here are a few terms they need to define. Behavior-driven development (BDD) is an agile software development technology that promotes the application of agile principles and practices in the design, development, and implementation of the software. BDD focuses on achieving a clear understanding of the desired software behavior through discussions with stakeholders. 

Agile offers a managed approach to software development without the traditional procedural emphasis on compartmentalization and focuses on iterating product requirements, promoting continuous improvements, and responding quickly to changing requirements. 

Scrum, a subset of the Agile Approach, is a set of principles and tools that enable rapid and responsive decision making. Scrum is an agile method designed to guide teams through the iterative and step-by-step delivery of products. 

Time Series Analysis

In this series I am going to provide you very brief introduction about time series analysis.

Introduction

  • Time play a very important role in success of any business, here time series helps us to see ahead of time.
  • Time series is a sequence of equally distributed data point in order of time. Data point can be presented on List or a chart.
  • This is a statistical technique for trend analysis

Time Series Analysis?

  • Time Series analysis is a way to analyzed time data to get important statistics and other useful points of time series data.

Time Series Forecasting?

  • Time series forecasting is use of a time series model to predict future values based on past observed value in time series.

Applications

  • Stock Market Analysis
  • Economic Forecasting
  • Sales Forecasting
  • Financial Market Analysis
  • Inventory Management
  • Yield Projections
  • Military Planning
  • Marketing and Sales Forecasting

Lets explore some basic terms used in time series.

Time Series

  • Machine Learning dataset contain a collection of many attributes or observation.
  • Example
    • Attribute
    • Attribute
  • In time series dataset a time attribute is added. As Time play a very important role to predict value of future dates.Example
    • Time, Attribute
    • Time, Attribute

Time series components

Trend

It is a increase or decrease of behavior of data over a period of time. It can be linear or non-leaner. If there is upward or increase behavior called as Up-Trend, same for decrease know as Down-Trend. When there is no trend that is known as stationary trend or horizontal trend.Trend appear for some time and disappear.

  • Example :-A packers and movers open new office at newly constructed society. That will get good business over a period of time like 6 Month until all houses get filled. After that it will be no or very less business.

Seasonality

  • It is very much similar to trend but in repetitive in nature.
  • It is also increase and decrease in behavior data over a period of time.
  • Example : – sales increase each year on black Friday. Gifts purchases increase each year on Christmas and other festivals and it happen each year.

Noise/Irregularity

  • Variability in data that cannot be explained by model. It also called as residual.
  • It happen for a small amount of time and non-repeatable mode.
  • Example :- earthquake in a city can increase demand  of medicine and some other day to day living stuffs. But it will end once everything is fine. It happen once and not predicable.

CYCLIC

  • It is known or describe as a non-fixed pattern for more than a year amount of time.
  • It can happen any time like 3 years, 5 year and keep repeating and hard to predict.

When this not applicable 

  • When data is constant that time then this is not applicable.
  • When data is in form of a functions, where we can put function to get result.

 

I am going to cover in-depth concept and particle aspect in coming posts.

Keep reading….

How to write great headline in no time

Are you not able to write great headline for article or ad copy?

As we know headline is first place to grab attention. This is place your targeted customer make decision to go further with article or ad copy.

Are you feeling writing great headline is hard?

Writing attention grabbing headline is bit tricky job.

No Worry, Here I am going to explain how to write great headlines.

First make your reader feel smarter, don’t go with fancy complex English words try to use common words.

Secondly tell what end user is going to get.Here things must be clear and loud enough to get attentions.
like – FREE Coffee, FAT Loss, Learn SEO, FREE Ad Copy Course,Learn Digital Marketing @ 2999/- etc.

Next handle any objections if end user have any.like – Trust,paying amount,Will I get result?

and lastly put a clear time frame in which end user is going to get results. you have to lock things in fix time frame like 7 days, 10 days,3 months so end user can make decision faster.

Lets take a example: Learn digital marketing Free in 7 days.

here we are addressing


End result : Learn digital marketing
Objection : End user not willing to pay
Time : end user going to learn in 7 day


we can write same headline in different ways

How to learn digital marketing in 7 days without spending money.
7 ways to learn digital marketing for free.

 

Want to Improve your digital marketing skills

Some Tips to write great headlines.

write Headlines between 10-15 words.As this length give best result.
Use number 5,10,15 or 7 if you are using some

like Example

10 ways boost your immunity easily without workout.
7 simple way to become a expert digital marketer

Now you might have any question in mind is there any tool that can tell me my headline is good or not?

Yes there is a tool that will help you to analyze

https://coschedule.com

its a great free tool to improve your headline.

 

Coming soon with few more tips to improve headline and story writing.

Value of best fit Keywords To gain high Page Rank

Keywords are the thing that your clients will use when looking out.
You would possibly know what your clients seek for. If not, discover out. Is it an outline of “pants” or “denims?” One could also be searched extra typically than the opposite, however why not goal each? How about “government items?” Possibly “desk equipment” will broaden your site advertising technique.

Ask every kind of individuals. Get recommendation from individuals in all walks of life together with administration, staff, clients, distributors, family and friends on how they might seek for efficient search engine positioning keywords. Ask them how they might seek for completely different services and products. It is actually not about what you assume they might seek for, its about what they assume. Imagine me, they will many occasions be two completely various things.

After getting efficiently harvested a significant keywords listing, take away any keywords which might be too focused or to not particular. Additionally do not forget that keywords placement is necessary. Attempt to put as many keywords as doable to start with paragraphs, and naturally the title line.

 

GET FREE Keyword cheatsheet!!

become master of keyword selection

 

The upper the worth of the keyword the extra competitors you should have. Each website positioning makes use of instruments just like the Overture keyword Suggestion Instrument and in addition know the worth of a keywords. The decrease the worth of the keyword the much less competitors we may have.

 

We do not wish to purpose to low however we additionally do not wish to purpose to excessive. We have to discover a center floor. For you that could be a key phrase with a worth of a minimum of 1000 and not more than 10,000. It will likely be as much as you to find out what you deem affordable.

Additionally, the key phrases ought to seem usually all through the opening Net web page. It’s particularly necessary that they seem ceaselessly within the opening paragraphs.
Nevertheless, resist the temptation to overuse key phrases. The major search engines can spot it and can cut back your web page rankings. Instruments can be found to assist with optimum key phrase density. Nevertheless, keep away from software program that writes the positioning’s pages. Engines like google can sniff these out, too.

An excellent rule of thumb is: By no means sacrifice high quality of content material for key phrase placement. It will have an effect on your web page rating. Most significantly, your web site will not enchantment to guests.

Critical path method

Critical path method

critical path method

critical path method

Critical Path : is a combination of activities that, if any are delayed, will delay the project’s finish date.

Purpose of critical path method:

1. To calculate the project’s finish date.

2. To identify how much individual activities in schedule can slip with delaying project

3. To identify the activities with the highest risk that cannot slip without changing the project finish date.

Float Calculation using CPM

● Float is the amount of time an activity can be delayed without delaying the project end date.

● Float is always Zero on Critical Path activities.

● Critical Path is longest path of network diagram.

a

Each activity have same box

ES : Early Start

EF : Early Finish

LS: Late Start

LF : Late Finish

Float = LS-ES or LF-EF

Float Calculation

Late Start(LS) – Early Start(ES)

OR

Late Finish(LF) – Early Finish (EF)

Example

You are the project manager of project at SkillsMag and following activities are identified along with the activity effort.

Project A
Activity Preceding  Activity Duration (Wks)
Start None 0
A Start 1
B Start 3
C Start 5
D A 9
E B,C 2
F C 3
G D 4
H E 8
I F 2
End G,H,I 0

First  prepare schedule network Diagram

network diagram

network diagram

Step 2:

Calculate the ES and EF of each activity using forward pass technique.

Remember the following formulas for calculation.

Early Start (ES) = Early Finish(EF) of Predecessor activity. If no predecessor activity exists then 0.

Early Finish (EF) = Early Start (ES) + Activity Duration

Activity E is highlighted as it has 2 predecessor activities. we take higher one.

network diagram

network diagram

Step 3:

Under this technique, we will start calculating the value from last activities on the path i.e. from G,H and I.

Thumb Rule : Take highest EF.

Our case we have EF 15 is highest for activity H.

The formula for LS(Late start) is

Late Start (LS) = Late Finish – Activity Duration

Activity c has 2 successor activity,take lowest one.

network diagram

network diagram

Step 4 : Float calculation

float

float

 

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