Project Integration management
Project Integration management
Project Integration management is main responsibility of project manager. Here project manager has to do high level of project work and balancing between different processes.[box] As per PMBOK®
“Project Integration management includes the process and activities need to be identify, define, combine, unify and coordinate the various process and project management activities within the project management process groups.”[/box]
Figure given Below shows project integration management processes and their respective process groups
|Project integration management||Process group (done during )|
|Develop project charter||Initiating|
|Develop project management plan||Planning|
|Direct &manage project work||Executing|
|Monitor & control project work||Monitoring and controlling|
|Perform integration change control||Monitoring and controlling|
|Close project or phase||Closing|
Let’s have better understanding for each process of integration management.
Develop Project Charter:
This is very first part of integration management.
|Develop Project Charter|
1. Project Statement of work
2. Business case
4. Enterprise environmental factors
5. Organizational process assets
| Tool and Techniques
1. Expert judgement
2. facilitation techniques
1. Project charter
[box]As per PMBOK®
“Develop project Charter is the process of developing a document that formally authorize a project or a phase and documenting initial requirement that satisfy the stakeholder need and expectation. ”[/box]
Project charter should be developed by project sponsor, Customer, PMO or they can delegate duty to Project manager.
Project Manager is assigned in this process.
It formally authorizes the project.
Now let’s have a look on input, tool & technique and outputs of project charter
Project statement of work:[box]As per PMBOK®
“The statement of work (SOW) is a narrative description of product or a services to be delivered by project.” [/box]
The project statement of work contains
- Business need
- Product description
- Strategic plan
Business case provides necessary information from business point of view whether project is feasible or not.
Business case is created based on one of following points
- Market demand
- Organizational need
- Customer request
- Technological advance
- Legal requirement
- Ecological impact
- Social need
When working for external customer the contract is used as an input.
Enterprise environmental factors:
Enterprise environmental factors that can affect the development of project charter.That can be
- Government & industry standards
- Organizational infrastructure
- Marketplace condition
- Environment of project
Organization Process assets:
The organizational process assets that can effect development of project charter process may contain Organization standard process, Templates, Historical information and lesson learned and knowledge base.
Tool & Techniques
- Expert judgement
Expert judgement technique is used in every integration management process.
In this judgement is provided based on expertise by expert person of their fields.
They can be individuals, subject matter expert (SME), Consultant, stakeholder or group(s).
- Facilitation techniques
Brainstorming, managing meetings and keeping them on track, resolving conflict, and resolving problems are part of facilitation techniques. These techniques are used by facilitator.
- Project Charter
Project Charter is final outcome of develop project process. It provides summary of project.
Project Charter contains following things
- Project proposal or justification
- Summary budget
- Summary milestone
- High level or requirements
- High level of project risks
- Measurable success criteria
- Assigned project manager.