Project Management Process

Project Management Process

Project Management Process

Project Management Process

This article is going to brief about Project Management Process. You are going to find word “process” more frequently during study of PMP exam. It is most important word for project management professional (PMP) exam.

Process is combination of input, tool& technique and output. You are going to manage your project with help of different processes.

Input: This is known as an entry point of process. It can be internal or external or an outcome of a other process, which can be used as an input.


Tool can be anything like software for development or management, templates.


Technique is a systematic way to solve the problem.


It is final outcome of a process which can be product, result or a service.

Project Management Institute (PMI) defines 47 processes and 5 Process groups. Each process  belongs to one of the five process group.

Here is list of five process group

  1. Initiating processes
  2. Planning processes
  3. Executing processes
  4. Monitoring and controlling processes
  5. Closing processes

Apart from that process  also belongs to one of ten knowledge area which is defined by Project Management Institute (PMI).

Here is list of ten knowledge areas

  1. Project Integration Management
  2. Project Scope Management
  3. Project Time management
  4. Project Cost Management
  5. Project Quality Management
  6. Project Human Resource Management
  7. Project Communication Management
  8. Project Risk Management
  9. Project Procurement Management
  10. Project Stakeholder Management


Here is the list of 47 Processes with their mapping with process group and knowledge areas


Process group/knowledge area Initiating (2) Planning(24) Executing (8) Monitoring and controlling (11) Closing (2)
Integration (6) Develop Project Charter Develop Project Management Plan Direct and Manage Project Work
  • Monitor and Control Project Work
  • Perform Integrated Change Control
Close Project or Phase
Scope (6)
  • Plan Scope Management
  • Collect Requirements
  • Define Scope
  • Create WBS
  • Validate Scope
  • Control Scope
Time (7)
    • Plan Schedule Management
    • Define Activities
    • Sequence Activities
    • Estimate Activity  Resources
    • Estimate Activity Durations
    • Develop Schedule
Control Schedule
Cost (4)
  • Plan Cost Management
  • Estimate Costs
  • Determine Budget
Control Cost
Quality (3) Plan Quality Management Perform Quality Assurance Control Quality
Human Resource (4) Plan HR Management
  • Acquire Project Team
  • Develop Project Team
  • Manage Project Team
Communication (3) Plan Communications Management Manage Communications Control Communications
Risk (6)
  • Plan Risk Management
  • Identify Risks
  • Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis
  • Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis
  • Plan Risk Response
Control Risks
Procurement (4) Plan Procurement Management Conduct Procurements Control Procurements Close Procurements
Stakeholder (4) Identify Stakeholders Plan Stakeholder Management Manage Stakeholder Engagement Control Stakeholder Engagement

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Gulab Chand Tejwani


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